Consultation de l'archive ANDRY


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Informations générales

ANDRY  Cyclone tropical intense, saison 1983/1984

Le système ANDRY a été baptisé le 07.12.1983 à 00 UTC, il a atteint le stade de Cyclone tropical intense.
Le vent soutenu en mer a atteint 241 km/h avec des rafales atteignant 300 km/h.
Quatre îles ont été touchées par ce système.



Identité du Système

Date de la cyclogénèse
05.12.1983 à 06 UTC
Zone de la cyclogénèse
Centre du bassin (60°/70°E)
Date du baptême
07.12.1983 à 00 UTC
Date de la dissipation
16.12.1983 à 06 UTC
Type de trajectoire
Zonal
Durée de vie
11 Jours
Durée de vie au stade de Dvorak supérieur à 2,5/8,0
7 Jours
Durée de vie au stade tempête
21 Heures
Durée de vie au stade Cyclonique
129 Heures
Distance parcourue
3835 km
Vitesse moyenne de déplacement
14.5 km/h, 8 Kt
ZONE DE LA CYCLOLYSE
TROPICALE


Les différents stades atteints par ANDRY


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Stades atteints Date de l'évolution Mention  
Perturbation tropicale
05.12.1983 à 06 UTC
9.9°S & 65.3°E L'intensité augmente
Dépression tropicale
06.12.1983 à 00 UTC
9.9°S & 64.8°E L'intensité augmente
Tempête tropicale modérée
06.12.1983 à 06 UTC
10.0°S & 64.2°E L'intensité augmente
Forte tempête tropicale
07.12.1983 à 00 UTC
9.8°S & 61.2°E L'intensité augmente
Cyclone tropical
07.12.1983 à 03 UTC
9.8°S & 60.2°E L'intensité augmente
Cyclone tropical intense
07.12.1983 à 18 UTC
10.3°S & 54.8°E L'intensité augmente
Dépression sur terre
12.12.1983 à 12 UTC
16.7°S & 45.7°E L'intensité diminue
Dépression se comblant
14.12.1983 à 06 UTC
21.3°S & 49.4°E L'intensité diminue


Valeurs maximales

Valeurs maximales atteintes par ANDRY, le 10 décembre 1983 à 06 UTC  
Intensité sur l'échelle de Dvorak (nombre Ci) 6,5+/8,0
Intensité sur la classification Australienne 5/5
Pression estimée au centre 915 mb
Vent moyen sur 10 mn (donnée Météo-France) 167 Km/h, 90 Kt
Vent moyen sur 1 mn (donnée Météo-France) 195 Km/h, 105 Kt
Vent moyen sur 1 mn (donnée JTWC) 241 Km/h, 130 Kt
Rafales 300 Km/h, 162 Kt
Vent moyen sur 1 mn (intensité atteinte la plus probable) 241 Km/h, 130 Kt


Tableau des impacts sur les îles


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Îles
Distance et intensité correspondante
Date
Alerte
Agalega 30 km au Sud, au stade cyclone tropical intense (s'intensifiant) 08.12.1983 à 06 UTC Aucune
Madagascar 85 km de la pointe Nord, au stade de cyclone tropical intense (s'affaiblissant)

Sur la côte Nord-Ouest, au stade de cyclone tropical intense (stable)
10.12.1983 à 18 UTC

12.12.1983 à 05 UTC
non renseigné
Les Glorieuses 45 km au Sud, au stade de cyclone tropical intense (s'affaiblissant) 11.12.1983 à 03 UTC Aucune
Les Comores et Mayotte 135 km à l' Est de Mayotte, au stade de cyclone tropical intense (s'affaiblissant) 11.12.1983 à 12 UTC non renseigné
 

Conclusion

Le 5 décembre la photo du satellite Noaa-7 situe entre Agaléga et Diégo-Garcia une dépression d'intensité T2 de l'échelle de F. Dvorak, celle-ci se déplace lentement vers l'ouest tout en s'intensifiant. Baptisé Andry par le service météorologique de la Réunion, devenu cyclone tropical le 7, le météore passe sur Agaléga le 8 en début de journée puis incurve sa trajectoire vers l'ouest-sud-ouest, atteint son maximum d'intensité T6,5 le 10 ; Andry passe au nord de Diégo-Suarez le même jour, et s'engage dans un couloir dépressionnaire qui le sollicite vers le sud-ouest, puis le sud, pénètre à l'ouest de Majunga dans la matinée du 12. Affaibli par sa traversée au sud de Tananarive dans la nuit du 13, Andry redevient une faible dépression tropicale d'intensité T2,5 quand elle ressort à Mananjary le 14. Le lendemain il ne reste plus qu'un amas nuageux sans organisation entre la côte sud-est Malgache et la Réunion.

Source : Mad. Rev. Géo. n°43, Juil.-Déc. 1983 J. RANDRIANARISON



Images du système


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Trajectoire de ANDRY
Source : Trajectoire provenant du site du Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) Australie
Le 07 décembre 1983 à 03:13 UTC - NOAA 8 Vis - Andry est en cours d'intensification et se dirige droit vers l'île d'Agalega. Dans le mur de l’œil, les vents en mer sont estimés à 139 km/h (sur 1 min) avec des rafales à 172 km/h
Source : Merci à Karl HOARAU pour l'image
Le 07 décembre 1983 à 11:37 UTC
Source : Image provenant de NOAA - NCDC
Le 07 décembre 1983 à 15:47 UTC - NOAA 8 IR - Dans le mur de l’œil, les vents en mer sont estimés à 176 km/h (sur 1 min) avec des rafales à 218 km/h
Source : Merci à Karl HOARAU pour l'image
Le 07 décembre 1983 à 22:46 UTC - NOAA 7 IR - Intensification de type explosive en moins de 24 h. L'oeil n'est pas sysmétrique dans la masse nuageuse, déclalé à l'ouest. Il s'agit d'un système puissant. Dans le mur de l’œil, les vents en mer sont estimés à 213 km/h (sur 1 min) avec des rafales à 264 km/h
Source : Merci à Karl HOARAU pour l'image
Andry, le 10 décembre 1983 à 03:49 UTC. L'oeil a un diamètre de 55 km et la masse nuageuse 520 km. Andry se déplace vers l' Ouest
Source : Image Noaa 8, provenant de NOAA - NCDC
Andry cyclone tropical intense, le 10 decembre 1983 à 11 UTC. Il est rare de voir un cyclone intense de catégorie 5, qui se dirige vers le Canal du Mozambique sans toucher directement Madagascar. Dans le mur de l’œil, les vents en mer sont estimés à 241 km/h (sur 1 min) avec des rafales à 300 km/h
Source : ignorée
Andry, le 10 décembre 1983 à 23:51 UTC. L'oeil à un diamètre de 35 km et la masse nuageuse 650 km. Constatez le panache de cirrus qui s'étend tout autour du météore
Source : Image Noaa 7, provenant de NOAA - NCDC
Andry, le 11 décembre 1983 à 23:40 UTC. L'oeil a un diamètre de 20 km. Dans environ un laps de temps de 5 heures, ce cyclone intense va toucher la côte Nord-Ouest de Madagascar
Source : Image Noaa 7, provenant de NOAA - NCDC

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