Consultation de l'archive CRYSTAL


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Informations générales

CRYSTAL  Cyclone tropical, saison 2002/2003

Le système CRYSTAL a été baptisé le 23.12.2002 à 12 UTC, il a atteint le stade de Cyclone tropical.
Le vent soutenu en mer a atteint 157 km/h avec des rafales atteignant 195 km/h.
Trois îles ont été touchées par ce système.



Identité du Système

Date de la cyclogénèse
22.12.2002 à 06 UTC
Zone de la cyclogénèse
Centre du bassin (60°/70°E)
Date du baptême
23.12.2002 à 12 UTC
Date de la dissipation
30.12.2002 à 12 UTC
Type de trajectoire
Parabolique
Durée de vie
8 Jours
Durée de vie au stade de Dvorak supérieur à 2,5/8,0
6 Jours
Durée de vie au stade tempête
102 Heures
Durée de vie au stade Cyclonique
48 Heures
Distance parcourue
3662 km
Vitesse moyenne de déplacement
19.1 km/h, 10 Kt
ZONE DE LA CYCLOLYSE
POLAIRE


Les différents stades atteints par CRYSTAL


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Stades atteints Date de l'évolution Mention  
Perturbation tropicale
22.12.2002 à 06 UTC
7.9°S & 69.1°E L'intensité augmente
Dépression tropicale
23.12.2002 à 06 UTC
10.2°S & 66.9°E L'intensité augmente
Tempête tropicale modérée
23.12.2002 à 12 UTC
11.2°S & 66.6°E L'intensité augmente
Forte tempête tropicale
24.12.2002 à 06 UTC
12.6°S & 64.3°E L'intensité augmente
Cyclone tropical
25.12.2002 à 00 UTC
14.6°S & 61.8°E L'intensité augmente
Forte tempête tropicale
25.12.2002 à 12 UTC
15.7°S & 61.5°E L'intensité diminue
Cyclone tropical
26.12.2002 à 18 UTC
19.1°S & 59.5°E L'intensité augmente
Forte tempête tropicale
28.12.2002 à 06 UTC
24.1°S & 60.4°E L'intensité diminue
Tempête tropicale modérée
29.12.2002 à 12 UTC
27.7°S & 64.4°E L'intensité diminue
Dépression extra-tropicale
29.12.2002 à 18 UTC
28.0°S & 66.1°E L'intensité diminue


Valeurs maximales

Valeurs maximales atteintes par CRYSTAL, le 27 décembre 2002 à 06 UTC  
Intensité sur l'échelle de Dvorak (nombre Ci) 4,5+/8,0
Intensité sur la classification Australienne 3/5
Pression estimée au centre 958 mb
Vent moyen sur 10 mn (donnée Météo-France) 139 Km/h, 75 Kt
Vent moyen sur 1 mn (donnée Météo-France) 157 Km/h, 85 Kt
Vent moyen sur 1 mn (donnée JTWC) 167 Km/h, 90 Kt
Rafales 195 Km/h, 105 Kt
Vent moyen sur 1 mn (intensité atteinte la plus probable) 157 Km/h, 85 Kt


Tableau des impacts sur les îles


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Îles
Distance et intensité correspondante
Date
Alerte
Saint Brandon 60 km à l'Est, au stade de forte tempête tropicale 26.12.02 à 00 UTC Aucune
Maurice 160 km à l'Est, au stade de cyclone tropical (s'intensifiant) 27.12.02 à 01 UTC Classe 3
Réunion 380 km à l'est, au stade de cyclone tropical (s'intensifiant) 27.12.2002 à 04 UTC Vigilance cyclonique (pendant 47h)
 

Conclusion

Formed on December 22 and dissipated on December 30. The name Crystal was contributed by Mauritius.

Between December 26 and 27, Mauritius was under cyclone alert two, on a scale ranging from one to four with four being the highest. Heavy rains, thunderstorms, and high winds were anticipated across the island. Due to the change in Cyclone Crystal's track, the impact from the storm was significantly less than anticipated. The highest rainfall was recorded in the southern portion of the island at 58.8 mm (2.3 in). Despite the proximity of the storm, no rainfall was recorded in northern areas of Mauritius. The highest winds were recorded at the Bain Boeuf station located in the northern portion of the island at 90 km/h (55 mph). Southern areas recorded gusts up to 80 km/h (40 mph). Authorities in Mauritius reported no damage; however, minor damage to poorly constructed buildings was likely.

Source : Absolute Astronomy


Images du système


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Trajectoire de Crystal
Source : Trajectoire provenant du site de Australia Severe Weather.
Crystal - Le 27.12.2002 à 06 UTC - Cyclone Tropical - Crystal fait route vers le Sud, le cyclone passe au plus près des côtes Est Mauriciennes à environ 155 km. Le mur de l'oeil est matérialisé en rouge, l'île Maurice évite ainsi les conditions extrêmes. En effet, dans le mur de l’œil, les vents en mer sont estimés à 167 km/h (sur 1 min) avec des rafales à 207 km/h
Source : Image provenant de Jean-Paul HOARAU - jpghoarau@runnet.com
Crystal - Le 27.12.2002 à 10:15 UTC
Source : Image provenant de Jean-Paul HOARAU - jpghoarau@runnet.com
Animation de Crystal - Le 27 décembre 2002 de 05 à 13 UTC
Source : Meteosat-5 (visible channel) / Eumetsat

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